Highlighted Publications



Maner, M., LeMasters, K., Lao, J., Cowell, M., Nowotny, K., Cloud, D., & Brinkley-Rubinstein, L. (2021). COVID-19 in corrections: Quarantine of incarcerated people. PloS one, 16(10), e0257842. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0257842


Brinkley-Rubinstein, L., LeMasters, K., Nguyen, P., Nowotny, K., Cloud, D., & Volfovsky, A. (2021). The association between intersystem prison transfers and COVID-19 incidence in a state prison system. PloS one, 16(8), e0256185. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0256185


LeMasters, K., Oser, C., Cowell, M., Mollan, K., Nowotny, K., & Brinkley-Rubinstein, L. (2021). Longitudinal pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) acceptability, initiation and adherence among criminal justice-involved adults in the USA: the Southern PrEP Cohort Study (SPECS) protocol. BMJ open, 11(7), e047340. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-047340


Brinkley-Rubinstein, L., Peterson, M., Martin, R., Chan, P., & Berk, J. (2021). Breakthrough SARS-CoV-2 infections in prison after vaccination. The New England Journal of Medicine, NEJMc2108479. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMc2108479


Berk, J., Rich, J. D., & Brinkley-Rubinstein, L. (2021). What are the greatest health challenges facing people who are incarcerated? We need to ask them. The Lancet, S2468-2667(21)00074-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(21)00074-8


Nowotny, K. M., Seide, K., & Brinkley-Rubinstein, L. (2021). Risk of COVID-19 infection among prison staff in the United States. BMC Public Health, 21(1), 1036. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-11077-0


Ramsey, S. E., Ames, E. G., Uber, J., Habib, S., Hunt, L., Brinkley-Rubinstein, L., Teitelman, A. M., Clarke, J., Kaplan, C., Phillips, N. J., & Murphy, M. (2021). Linking women experiencing incarceration to community-based HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis care: A Qualitative Study. AIDS Education and Prevention, 33(3), 216–233. https://doi.org/10.1521/aeap.2021.33.3.216

Kaplowitz, E., Truong, A. Q., Macmadu, A., Peterson, M., Brinkley-Rubinstein, L., Potter, N., Green, T. C., Clarke, J. G., & Rich, J. D. (2021). Fentanyl-related overdose during incarceration: a comprehensive review. Health & Justice, 9(1), 13. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40352-021-00138-6


Berk, J., Rich, J. D., & Brinkley-Rubinstein, L. (2021). Why we vaccinate incarcerated people first. EClinicalMedicine, 35, 100864. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2021.100864


Macmadu, A., & Brinkley-Rubinstein, L. (2021). Essential strategies to curb COVID-19 transmission in prisons and jails. American Journal of Public Health, 111(5), 776–777. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2021.306206


Martin, R. A., Stein, L., Rohsenow, D. J., Belenko, S., Hurley, L. E., Clarke, J. G., & Brinkley-Rubinstein, L. (2021). Using implementation interventions and peer recovery support to improve opioid treatment outcomes in community supervision: Protocol. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 108364. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsat.2021.108364


Berk, J., Brinkley-Rubinstein, L., Murphy, M., Chan, P., & Rich, J. (2021). MAb for symptomatic COVID-19 in correctional facilities: an important opportunity. Lancet, 397(10277), 877-878. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(21)00354-8.

Nowotny, K. M., Bailey, Z., & Brinkley-Rubinstein, L. (2021). The contribution of prisons and jails to US racial disparities during COVID-19. American Journal of Public Health, 111(2), 197–199. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2020.306040

Howell, B. A., Puglisi, L., Clark, K., Albizu-Garcia, C., Ashkin, E., Booth, T., Brinkley-Rubinstein, L., Fiellin, D. A., Fox, A. D., Maurer, K. F., Lin, H. J., McCollister, K., Murphy, S., Morse, D. S., Shavit, S., Wang, K., Winkelman, T., & Wang, E. A. (2021). The Transitions Clinic Network: Post incarceration addiction treatment, Healthcare, and social support (TCN-PATHS): A hybrid type-1 effectiveness trial of enhanced primary care to improve opioid use disorder treatment outcomes following release from jail. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 108315. doi:10.1016/j.jsat.2021.108315

Casanova, F. O., Hamblett, A., Brinkley-Rubinstein, L., & Nowotny, K. M. (2021). Epidemiology of coronavirus disease 2019 in US immigration and customs enforcement detention facilities. JAMA Network Open, 4(1), e2034409. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.34409

Vest, N., Johnson, O., Nowotny, K., & Brinkley-Rubinstein, L. (2021). Prison population reductions and COVID-19: A latent profile analysis synthesizing recent evidence from the Texas State Prison System. Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 98(1), 53–58. doi:10.1007/s11524-020-00504-z

Macmadu, A., Brinkley-Rubinstein, L., Gonsher, I., Clarke, J.G., & Brockmann, B.W. (2021). Engaged scholarship at the Brown University School of Public Health: Designing education for better prisoner health and human rights. International Journal of Prisoner Health. doi:10.1108/IJPH-04-2020-0025



LeMasters, K., McCauley, E., Nowotny, K., & Brinkley-Rubinstein, L. (2020). COVID-19 cases and testing in 53 prison systems. Health & Justice, 8(1), 24. doi:10.1186/s40352-020-00125-3


Zaller, N.D., & Brinkley-Rubinstein, L. (2020). MOUD provision in correctional settings during time of COVID-19: Prevention and solutions. Journal of Addiction Medicine, 14(6), e290-292. doi:10.1097/ADM.0000000000000758


Wang, E. A., Riley, C., Wood, G., Greene, A., Horton, N., Williams, M., Violano, P., Brase, R. M., Brinkley-Rubinstein, L., Papachristos, A. V., & Roy, B. (2020). Building community resilience to prevent and mitigate community impact of gun violence: Conceptual framework and intervention design. BMJ Open, 10(10), e040277. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2020-040277.


Zielinski, M. J., Allison, M. K., Brinkley-Rubinstein, L., Curran, G., Zaller, N. D., & Kirchner, J. (2020). Making change happen in criminal justice settings: leveraging implementation science to improve mental health careHealth & Justice, 8(1), 21. doi:10.1186/s40352-020-00122-6.


Macmadu, A., Berk, J., Kaplowitz, E., Mercedes, M., Rich, J.D., & Brinkley-Rubinstein, L. (2020). COVID-19 and mass incarceration: A call for urgent action. The Lancet Public Health, 5(11), e571-e572. doi: 10.1016/S2468-2667(20)30231-0

Wang, E., Zenilman, J., & Brinkley-Rubinstein, L. (2020).  Ethical considerations for COVID-19 vaccine trials in correctional facilities. JAMA, 324(11), 1031-1032. doi: 10.1001/jama.2020.15589


Nowotny, K., Bailey, Z., Omori, M., & Brinkley-Rubinstein, L. (2020). COVID-19 exposes need for progressive criminal justice reform. American Journal of Public Health, 110(7), 967-968.  doi:10.2105/AJPH.2020.305707


Wurcel, A.G., Dauria, E., Zaller, N., Nijhawan, A., Beckwith, C., Nowotny, K., & Brinkley-Rubinstein, L. (2020). Spotlight on jails: COVID-19 mitigation policies needed now. Clinical Infectious Diseases, pii: ciaa346. doi:10.1093/cid/ciaa346


Zaller, N.D., Nehrer, T., Marshall, S.A., Zielinski, M., & Brinkley-Rubinstein, L. (2020). Barriers and facilitators to linking high-risk jail detainees to HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis. PLOSOne, 15(4), e0231915.  doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0231951


Rennie, S., Buchbinder, M., Blue, C., Juengst, E., Brinkley-Rubinstein, L., & Rosen, D.L. (2020). Scraping the web for public health gains: Ethical considerations from a “big data” research project on HIV and incarceration. Public Health Ethics. doi:10.1093/phe/phaa006


Buchbnder, M., Blue, C., Juengst, E., Brinkley-Rubinstein, L., Rennie, S., & Rosen, D.L. (2020). Expert stakeholders’ perspectives on a Data-to-Care strategy for improving care among HIV-positive individuals incarcerated in jails. AIDS Care, 11, 1-7. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2020.1737641


Cloud, D.H., Bassett, M.T., Graves, J., Fullilove, R.E., & Brinkley-Rubinstein, L. (2020). Documenting and addressing the health impacts of carceral systems. American Journal of Public Health, 110(Suppl 1), S5. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2019.305475


Brinkley-Rubinstein, L. & Cloud, D.H. (2020). Mass incarceration as a driver of socio-structural health inequities. American Journal of Public Health, 110(Suppl 1), S14-S15. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2019.305486


Brinkley-Rubinstein, L., Allen, S.A., & Rich, J.D. (2020). Incarceration negatively impacts the health of children. The Lancet Public Health, 5(2), E76-E77. doi: 10.1016/S2468-2667(19)30250-6


Macmadu, A., Goedel, W.C., Adams, J.W., Brinkley-Rubinstein, L., Green, T.C., Clarke, J.G., Martin, R.A., Rich, J.D., Marshall, B.D.L. (2020). Estimating the impact of wide scale uptake of screening and medications for opioid use disorder in US prisons and jails. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 208, 107858. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.107858


Brinkley-Rubinstein, L., Crowley, C., Montgomery, M., Zaller, N.D., Martin, R., Clarke, J., Dubey, M., Chan, P.A. (2020). Interest and knowledge of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis in a unified jail and prison setting. Journal of Correctional Healthcare, 26(1), 36-41. doi: 10.1177/1078345819897405


Callander, D., Duncan, D.T., Hyun Park, S., Bowleg, L., Brinkley-Rubinstein, L., Theall, K.P., & Hickson, D.A. (2020). An intersectional analysis of life stress, incarceration and sexual health risk practices among cisgender Black gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men in the Deep South of the United States: The MARI Study. Sexual Health, 17(1), 38-44. doi: 10.1071/SH19062



Tomar, N., Brinkley-Rubinstein, L., Ghezzi, M.A., VanDeinse, T.B., Burgin, S., & Cuddeback, G.S. (2019). Internalized stigma and its correlates among justice-involved individuals with mental illness. International Journal of Mental Health, 1-11. doi: 10.1080/00207411.2019.1703358

Brinkley-Rubinstein, L. & Johnson, T. (2019). Solitary confinement and health. North Carolina Medical Journal, 80(6), 359-360. doi: 10.18043/ncm.80.6.359


Brinkley-Rubinstein, L., Sivaraman, J., Shanahan, M., Proescholdbell, S., Rosen, D.L., Cloud, D.H., Junker, G., & Ranapurwala, S. (2019). Restrictive housing during incarceration is associated with increased post-release risk of death from suicide, homicide, and opioid overdose. JAMA Open Network, 2(10), e1912516. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.12516


Peterson, M. Rich, J.D., Clarke, J.C., Macmadu, A., Truong, A., Pognon, K., & Brinkley-Rubinstein, L. (2019). Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis awareness and interest among participants in a medications for addiction treatment program in a unified jail and prison setting in Rhode Island. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment,106, 73-78. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2019.08.015


Martin, R., Gresko, S.A., Brinkley-Rubinstein, L., Stein, L., & Clarke, J. (2019). Post-release treatment uptake among participants of the Rhode Island Department of Corrections Comprehensive Medication Assisted Treatment Program. Preventive Medicine, 4 (105766). doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.105766


Rhodes B., Costenbader, B., Wilson, L., Hershow, R., Carroll, J., Zule, W., & Brinkley-Rubinstein, L. (2019). Urban, Black and multi-racial individuals are impacted by fentanyl-contaminated heroin. International Journal of Drug Policy, 19(73), 1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2019.07.008


Brinkley-Rubinstein, L., Peterson, M., Macmadu, A., Truong, A.Q., Clarke, J.C., Marshall, B.D., Green, T.G., Parker, M., Pognon, K., Martin, R., Stein, L., & Rich, J.D. (2019). The benefits and implementation challenges of the first state-wide comprehensive medication for addictions program in a unified jail and prison setting. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 7(205), 107514. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.06.016


Hershow, R., Gonzalez, M., Costenbader, B., Golin, C., Zule, W., & Brinkley-Rubinstein, L. (2019). Medical providers and harm reduction views on pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention among people who inject drugs. AIDS Education and Prevention, 31(4), 363-379. doi:10.1521/aeap.2019.31.4.363


Peterson, M., Rich, J.D., Macmadu, A., Truong, A.Q., Green, T.C., Beletesky, L., Pognon, K. & Brinkley-Rubinstein, L. (2019). One guy goes to jail, two people are ready to take his spot: Perspectives on drug-induced homicide laws among incarcerated individuals. International Journal of Drug Policy, 70, 47-53. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2019.05.001


Zaller, N.D., Zielinski, M., Coffey, J., & Brinkley-Rubinstein, L. (2019). Screening for opioid use disorder in the largest jail in Arkansas: A brief report. Journal of Correctional Healthcare, 25(3), 214-218. doi: 10.1177/1078345819852133


Brinkley-Rubinstein, L., Peterson, M., Zaller, N.D., & Wohl, D.A. (2019). Best practices for identifying men who have sex with men for corrections-based pre-exposure prophylaxis provision. Health & Justice, 7(7), 1-5.doi: 10.1186/s40352-019-0088-7


Ramsey, S.E., Ames, E.G., Brinkley-Rubinstein, L., Teitelman, A.M., Clarke, J., & Kaplan, C. (2019). Linking women experiencing incarceration to community-based HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis care: Protocol of a pilot trial, addiction science & clinical practice. Addiction Science & Clinical Practice, 14(8), 1-13. doi: 10.1186/s13722-019-0137-5


Chadwick, C.N., Brinkley-Rubinstein, L., McCormack, M., & Mann, A. (2019). Experiences of HIV stigma in rural Southern religious settings. International Journal of Culture and Mental Health, 11(3), 1-17. doi: 10.1080/17542863.2018.1556718